No support for your browser
What is soy?
The soybean can be thought of as the ‘king of beans’. It contains 38% protein, which is around three times the amount of protein found in eggs, and twelve times the amount of protein found in milk.
In the EU, around 90% of soy is used to feed livestock, so it is a vital raw material in the production of our meat, poultry, dairy and eggs. It is also estimated that on average, each European consumer eats 87kg of meat and 250 eggs per year. To produce these volumes 400 m2 of land is required for soy production as feed.
Through rapid population growth, and the emerging middle class, the demand and ultimately, consumption of animal protein is on the rise. This has placed significant strain on some of the world’s precious resources as millions of hectares of forest, grassland and savannah have been converted to enable soy production.
According to work commissioned by WWF, the UK sources soy from countries such as Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay where pressures on these landscapes is high, driven in part by the expansion of soy production.
Environmental impacts of soy in these regions include soil erosion and degraded pastureland, biodiversity loss and carbon emissions.
The production of soy has also been connected to several social impacts, including land grabbing, the displacement of local populations for industrial scale production and health risks from water contamination.
Tackling deforestation and native vegetation loss
Approximately 30% of the world’s land mass is covered by forest land. Many of the world’s threatened species and endangered animals live in forests, and 1.6 billion people rely on the benefits that forests have to offer, such as food, fresh water and clothing. Forests are also home to much of the world’s biodiversity and play a critical role in mitigating climate change; 15% of greenhouse gas emissions are released as a result of deforestation as carbon is released into the atmosphere.
Through our soy policy we are acting as a catalyst for change, taking immediate action in our own supply chains and stimulating market demand for sustainable, zero-deforestation soy.
Our soy footprint
In order to develop this policy we have used the RTRS soy calculator to build a picture of our soy footprint in high impact supply chains. The RTRS soy calculator uses conversion factors to understand the average volumes of soy required as feed to produce the following primary proteins:
- Milk-based products
We understand that there are limitations to using such a blunt tool to calculate a complex figure, but feel that this methodology provides us with enough information to implement this first policy and drive the desired impacts in our supply chains.
Using this methodology, in 2017/18, we calculated that approximately 130 thousand tonnes of soy were used indirectly as feed in the production of the fresh and frozen product groups listed above. Approximately half of this footprint is attributed to the feed used for our poultry products, and approximately 20 thousand tonnes are used as part of the feed for egg laying hens.
Our approach to sustainable soy production
At Lidl UK, we are taking action to ensure that soy production is sustainable and deforestation-free for the long term. As part of one of Europe’s leading organisations in the retail food industry, we recognise the need to accelerate progress towards a secure, resilient supply of sustainable soy.
In order to achieve this we have divided our strategy into two phases:
In phase 1, we will act as a catalyst for change. We recognise the need to take immediate action in our own supply chains and stimulate market demand for sustainable, zero-deforestation soy.
Our commitment: From September 2018, Lidl will purchase RTRS certificates on an annual basis through a ‘Book and Claim Direct Trade’ approach to cover 100% of our soy footprint, creating a clear market signal for sustainable, zero-deforestation soy.
In phase 2, we want sustainable, zero-deforestation soy to be the norm. Aiming for market transformation, we want to see physical supply chains of sustainable, zero-deforestation soy into the UK and Europe.
In addition to the above commitments, we support the following industry commitments:
- Signatory of Support to the Cerrado manifesto – a call to action to halt deforestation and native vegetation loss in Brazil’s Cerrado.
- Founding member of the UK Roundtable for Sustainable Soy – The roundtable brings together significant players in the UK soya market, providing a pre-competitive space for companies and industry associations to work together to achieve a shared goal of a secure, resilient, sustainable supply of soya to the UK.
- Member, Round Table for Responsible Soy (RTRS) – The Round Table on Responsible Soy is a civil organization that promotes responsible production, processing and trading of soy on a global level.